At present, in Austria there is an attempt to propagate intensive cattle grazing. Therefore, the effects of trampling and cattle grazing on selected soil chemical and physical properties at the scale of a representative paddock in a mountainous region in Austria were investigated. Excessive trampling and cattle grazing lead to a distinct soil compaction especially in the 5-10 cm soil layer, resulting in stagnant water conditions, and to an accumulation of nutrients in topsoil (mainly potassium, phosphorus, boron). Furthermore, there is a permanent transfer of soil nutrients (mainly potassium and nitrogen) and organic matter by grazing cattle within a paddock. Fertilizer recommendations for a sustainable pasture management will be given.
Bohner, A., Tomanova, O. (2006): Effects of cattle grazing on selected soil chemical and soil physical properties. Grassland Science in Europe 11: 89-91